Kinds of pores and skin blemishes: get to know each and learn to heal

Pores and skin breakouts are a standard criticism of men and women in dermatological workplaces. Brought on by elements resembling zits, solar publicity, treatment or ageing, they often have an effect on vanity and require particular care. That’s the reason dermatologists Cláudia Merlo and Paola Pomerantzeff and dermatologist Patrícia Elias, beautician, clarify easy methods to remedy this drawback. Money register!

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What are pores and skin discoloration?

In keeping with Patrícia Elias, a specialist in hyperchromia (the method of the formation of darkish spots), darkening of the pores and skin happens as a consequence of an abnormality within the pure pigmentation of the pores and skin. Because of this it occurs when the melanocytes (the cells that produce melanin answerable for giving shade and defending the pores and skin) bear a stimulus to trigger discoloration.

The causes of pores and skin blemishes

There are a number of the explanation why your pores and skin’s pure shade modifications, Patrícia Elias lists a few of them:

  • Overexposure to the solar;
  • Modifications hormones;
  • Pores and skin ageing;
  • Burns;
  • insect bites;
  • Contact with citrus fruit;
  • Irritation.

Kinds of pores and skin discoloration and therapy

Darkish spots on the pores and skin should not the identical, so every kind requires particular therapy. Here is a bit bit about every of them:


Generally often known as age spots, this kind is brought on by overexposure to the solar. In keeping with the Brazilian Dermatological Society (SBD), they often seem on the again of the hand, neck and again, that are the locations most uncovered to daylight.

“Photo voltaic melanosis happens primarily in areas with greater publicity to the solar, as a result of they’re the results of the cumulative impact of photo voltaic radiation that happens over time” – provides dermatologist Dr. Claudia Merlo.

Among the many therapies indicated for one of these stain is a pulsating mild laser, as a result of it is likely one of the only methods to lighten stains immune to brightening. As well as, the usage of acids on the pores and skin may also be indicated by a dermatologist.

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As Patrícia Elias explains, the spots of phytophotodermatitis are brought on by the response of citrus fruits to solar publicity. Additionally, in line with a specialist, on this case, the indicated therapies are microneedling, intense pulsed mild, ozone remedy, LED remedy and particular chemical peels.

“Microneedling is a superb ally for treating zits breakouts and stimulating manufacturing pores and skin collagen. Intensely pulsating mild that acts immediately on the locations the place there’s extra melanin, promotes clotting that renews the world, brightening the spots. Ozone remedy can also be advisable to enhance pores and skin high quality and assist do away with the pigment, ”she explains. As well as, through the therapy it’s mandatory to take care of correct pores and skin hydration and use sunscreen.

Overexposure to the solar may cause melasma

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Melasma is brought on by an overproduction of melanin, which is influenced by genetic, hormonal, and publicity to the solar. In keeping with the Brazilian Dermatological Society (SBD), it often seems throughout being pregnant or as a consequence of the usage of the contraceptive capsule.

Though there is no such thing as a remedy, these kinds of stains could be handled repeatedly with sunscreen, along with whitening lotions with vitamin C and soothing and antioxidant results, as beautician Patrícia Elias defined.

“It is vital to not be uncovered to the solar throughout therapy. Melasma is a troublesome stain and requires a variety of care, so it’s all the time essential to search for a certified specialist and specialist in hyperchromia who will point out the suitable therapy – she emphasizes.

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Though its origin can also be associated to the melanin-producing cells, one of these stain is cancerous. “To determine melanoma, search for moles that match the ABCDE precept: uneven, irregularly edged, multicolored, bigger than 6mm in diameter, and abnormally developed,” explains dermatologist Dr. Paola Pomerantzeff.

Additionally, in line with the physician, it is vital if any of those modifications are detected search a dermatologist to get the right prognosis and therapy. “Originally, we carried out surgical removing of the melanoma, which, relying on the evolution of the illness, could also be accompanied by therapies resembling chemo, radio and immunotherapy,” he explains.

birthmark of Ota

The birthmark of Ota is an intensive mole of brownish, blue, inexperienced and even purple shade. Despite the fact that it’s usually mistaken for spots, pay attention to one of these mole because it can’t get larger. “You may’t remedy Ota’s birthmarks with topical whitening cosmetics, and it’s a must to combat it with applied sciences such because the Q-Switched laser, which emits vitality that works precisely on the melanocytes,” says the specialist. .

zits spots

In keeping with Dr. Cláudia Melo, seem on the pores and skin after inflammatory processes brought on by zits, accidents and coverings resembling lasers and peelings. In contrast to different kinds of stains, it’s not essential to bear therapy on this case, as they often disappear over time.

However to assist with this course of, you should use scrubs and masks. “The choice is a white clay masks which, along with its soothing impact, additionally detoxifies and should be combined with filtered water or aloe vera gel, leaving it on for about 20 minutes as soon as every week,” explains beautician Patrícia Elias.

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Seek the advice of an professional

It must be emphasised that, no matter the kind of stain, session with a specialist is critical to make a prognosis and point out the suitable therapy for every case, stopping the incidence of extra critical issues. So keep away from self-medication and take note of any indicators that will seem in your physique.

* Writer: Vitoria Rondon

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