public land in Benfica, empty in 2017, now occupies alleys and homes with tons of of flats

There was virtually a household clinic within the public space. However a neighborhood with a easy identify was shaped: Deus Que Me Deu. Inside 5 years, the irregular constructions lined an space of ​​4,317 sq. meters, which is entered within the registries of the Rio de Janeiro state authorities and the European Union. The inhabitants of the Benfica favela have distinguished neighbors Cadeg and Conjunto Residencial Prefeito Mendes de Moraes, Pedregulho, a winding constructing listed as a monument, designed by architect Affonso Eduardo Reidy.

On Rua Capitão Félix 576, on the nook of Ferreira de Araújo, Deus Que Me Deu was born and grows. The digital Google Avenue View software reveals that in 2017 the world was fenced and virtually empty. There are already a number of constructions in 2019. Right this moment there are a number of buildings – one reached the fifth ground – tons of of flats and alleys.

A brand new favela. From an empty plot to the development of buildings

The land is considered one of 37 irregularly occupied public items which were designated by Councilor Pedro Duarte (Novo) in three districts: Benfica, São Cristóvão and Vasco da Gama. A parliamentary staff inspected 234 properties within the area, that are on the lists of municipalities, states and unions. The estates are a part of the so-called “Tremendous-center”, within the draft of a brand new Grasp Plan for the town, which is being developed by the Metropolis Council. This perimeter, based on the applying, is taken into account a precedence space for retraining and focus as it’s near the Middle, along with good city infrastructure and providers.

Benfica has a mixture of “builders” and “actual property” linked to the prison group controlling the Tuiuti favela. Simply over two years in the past, the bricklayer Vitor Silva Teixeira and his father, additionally a bricklayer, occupied the world that might grow to be Deus Que Me Deu. They constructed their residence there, avoiding a R $ 1,000 hire for a bed room and front room. As well as, father and son apply their occupation there, erecting extra buildings with small flats for hire.

– Right this moment I work near residence, which is superb. We have now a variety of work to do. And we do not have the hire. We have been busy once we arrived. They stated the land belongs to a girl, says Vitor, 22 years outdated. – I heard that they intend to put in electrical energy and plumbing. The boy from Tuiuti even begins a neighborhood affiliation.

Vitor Silva Teixeira: resident and bricklayer of the “God who gave me” neighborhood Photograph: Selma Schmidt

Such an occupation, says Pedro Duarte, factors to, on the one hand, the “identified housing deficit within the metropolis” and, then again, to the “ineffectiveness of public authorities in coping with the issue”:

– It will be a lot better if the federal government used this space for a housing program. The best way the occupation was carried out, with outbursts and beginnings, carries a threat for the inhabitants themselves. The properties have been constructed with out the assistance of an engineer or architect, i.e. a specialist who ensures the standard of the work. Public energy lets her go loopy. It’s totally irresponsible.

Store for 70 thousand. BRL

In Deus Que Me Deu, with round 300 properties, the Fé em Deus tire store, the Congregation of the Phrase of God, Spirit and Life, and Serjão do Óleo are already working. Pedregulho resident, Sérgio Magalhães, paid R $ 70,000 six months in the past for a store on Rua Ferreira de Araújo, the place he modifies oil in automobiles.

“It was value paying what they requested me for. I observe my road and attain the Vasco da Gama gate. I’ve a great location and work within the occupation I selected 24 years in the past, says Serjão.

Patrícia Silva bought a job three months in the past in a bakery that was opened within the municipality. She moved together with her husband and 8-year-old daughter upstairs.

– I pay 1000 actual hire, however I stay near work and might take care of my daughter.

The State Secretariat of the Civil Home claims that a part of Captain Félix’s property belonging to the state assortment was allotted “indefinitely to the municipality of Rio de Janeiro for the development of a household clinic.” The ministry stated it could conduct a area inspection on August 26, however say nothing in regards to the outcomes.

The Municipal Division of Well being, then again, says the house offered could be too small for a household clinic and that there are restrictions on building on the positioning as it’s close to Pedregulho, which is listed as a monument. Due to this fact, it determined to construct one other unit, 850 meters from the beforehand thought of tackle, opened within the second half of 2016. The Federal Secretariat for Heritage, linked to the Ministry of Financial system, doesn’t clarify something in regards to the web site, claiming that the information is “underneath safety”.

Outdated data

In a listing of 37 illegally seized properties, based on Pedro Duarte’s maps, 17 belong to the federal authorities, seven to the municipality, 5 to the state, one to the INSS, and one remains to be referred to as the extinct state of Guanabara. The land of Benfica is a part of state and union relations. There are nonetheless 5 properties within the municipality’s data that seem as “nothing listed”, “different” or with none info.

“We’re coping with outdated land registers submitted by the federal government,” says the mapping doc. In the course of the inspection, he emphasizes that some properties haven’t been entered into any register and couldn’t even be settled. That is the case with amenities comparable to Carioca Well being Tremendous Middle (municipal), Casa da Marquesa de Santos (state) and Colégio Pedro II (federal).

Rua José Eugênio: seven illegally occupied properties, gas station and six vacant plots of land
Rua José Eugênio: seven illegally seized properties, gasoline station and 6 vacant plots of land Photograph: Selma Schmidt

Of the 234 mapped properties, 116 are correctly used (49.6%). The remaining are irregularly occupied, unused (e.g. automotive parks or gasoline stations) or have disappeared (become streets or squares, offered or integrated into neighboring land, though they’re nonetheless within the registers of public authorities). For instance, on Rua José Eugênio, which ends up in Quinta da Boa Vista, there have been seven irregularly occupied properties, a gasoline station and 6 vacant plots of land.

Prisons and faculties collectively

Within the doc, the technicians additionally spotlight one level: in Benfica and São Cristóvão, prisons and faculties, tools of very completely different functions, are put in on the identical public web site or in adjoining areas. Evaristo de Moraes Jail, referred to as Galpão da Quinta, is bordered by the Adolpho Blocha State Technical Faculty, the Mestre Waldemiro Municipal Faculty and the Adalberto Ismael de Souza Municipal Nursery. An analogous scenario takes place within the Public Jail for them. José Frederico Marquesa, positioned in entrance of two municipal faculties: Alice do Amaral Peixoto and Cardeal Leme.

Rua José Eugênio: seven illegally occupied properties, gas station and six vacant plots of land
Rua José Eugênio: seven illegally seized properties, gasoline station and 6 vacant plots of land Photograph: Selma Schmidt

It’s a matter of concern for moms and caregivers. Housewife Michele Damasceno, who lives in Parque Alegria in Caju, says prayers that José Frederico Marques won’t run away throughout college hours for her 9-year-old son Miguel.

– Essentially the most harmful bandits go to this jail. Then they find yourself in different prisons. Simply suppose if somebody escapes and walks into the college? I am afraid, however I had no selection. I could not discover a place for my son near residence, and he has to check. We already stay in a neighborhood and undergo a variety of fears throughout operations and confrontations. We have now to face this example extra, regrets Michele.

This was the third public property mapping carried out by Pedro Duarte’s workplace – one was on the Middle and the opposite at Laranjeiras, Glória, Catete and Flamengo.

It’s value noting that the Secretariat of the State of the Civic Home claims that the federal government owns about three thousand properties. He additionally cites a draft despatched to the Legislative Meeting setting out new guidelines for the sale of state property and stating that “recognized unlawful professions are handled administratively or in courtroom”. The ministry has not defined how a lot it’s charging from its belongings.

About 7,000 properties are registered within the municipality’s identify, based on a survey carried out final month by Rio’s Heritage Property Authority. Based on the company, between January and July, R $ 60 million was raised from third-party use of public land or actual property within the municipality.

On the web site of the Ministry of Financial system, there are proposals to buy 38 EU actual property within the state of. The fourth try to promote the A Noite constructing, at Praça Mauá 7, in July resulted in failure – on July 22, the historic constructing, introduced for the primary time for 120 million reais, shall be supplied for 28.9 million reais. The company has not introduced how a lot property it has offered in inventory because the begin of the Rio honest based on the brand new Property Acquisition Proposal (PAI) mannequin, a 12 months in the past. Together with his properties in situation (quantity not disclosed), R $ 158.7 million was raised from January to June, together with, amongst others,

Leave a Comment