protecting creditor. A 12 months after the insolvency modification, the compensation plan with a 3-year debt reduction interval changed the five-year levy in case of personal chapter, in response to KSV.
Because the entry into drive of the Restructuring and Insolvency Directive (RIRL) in July 2021, 20% of all non-public debtors have relied on the newly launched compensation plan, which permits debt to be diminished in simply three 12 months. That is although the five-year levy course of was simply as effectively used and collectors got greater quotas, in response to KSV.
Though there may be nonetheless a five-year process (absorption plan), it leads a shadowy existence. The tactic of first alternative stays the fee plan (70% of procedures). Nonetheless, debtors’ quota presents are plummeting as a result of shortening of debt reduction. The figures have reversed: from July 2021 to July 2022, 20% of all non-public debtors relied on the three-year compensation plan, only one% on the five-year drawdown plan. For comparability: within the 12 months earlier than the restructuring, 23% used the skimming process, they are saying.
“The introduction of the reimbursement plan, which is proscribed to 2026 for personal people however not for former self-employed individuals, was a preventive motion based mostly on the belief that the monetary penalties of the corona pandemic would hit non-public people massively. This didn’t occur, because the evaluation of the causes of KSV1870 proves. The process has created a option to rapidly get out of debt with little effort. This led to a sale of collectors’ pursuits. They’re now more and more left with their claims or usually obtain much less in return than earlier than. We’re speaking about cash that they’re really 100% entitled to based mostly on the companies they’ve supplied,” says Karl-Heinz Götze, Insolvency Supervisor at KSV1870.
A take a look at the outcomes of the earlier 12 months within the area of personal bankruptcies reveals that many non-public debtors have been ready for the RIRL, which entered into drive in July 2021, so as to have the ability to deleverage inside a shorter interval. As a result of nearly a 3rd of all non-public bankruptcies in 2021 occurred within the fourth quarter. Previous to the entry into drive of the modification, KSV1870 advocated not shortening the interval of debt reduction, particularly because it was diminished from seven to 5 years solely in 2017. this time, the minimal quota of 10% within the skimming course of additionally dropped. “It may be mentioned that the Austrian success mannequin has been more and more affected within the context of insolvency modifications. Within the curiosity of collectors, we advocate really assembly the compensation plan deadline,” Götze mentioned.
A direct comparability earlier than and after the 2021 insolvency modification reveals that fee plans are nonetheless a preferred option to eliminate non-public debt. 70% of all open debt settlement procedures end in fee schedules. “Debtors wish to proceed to take their future into their very own fingers and primarily use this instrument. This can be a optimistic continuation of the conduct of personal debtors, as comparatively higher quotas are reached for collectors and the seriousness of debtors has thus been acknowledged. As well as, debtors are topic to fewer restrictions than in direct debit,” explains Götze.
For instance, it’s stipulated that debtors searching for a job should inform the potential employer of a direct debit process, however not of a fee plan. The draw back: “We now have seen that the percentages supplied have decreased over the previous couple of years. Throughout the negotiations, nevertheless, we handle to barter honest quotas for everybody concerned,” says Götze.
The quotas supplied by debtors have fallen in recent times: from 18% (2020), to 16% (2021), to 11% (2022). However by recourse to creditor safety associations, this dynamic doesn’t prolong to the fee schedules really agreed. In 2020, the typical price was 32%, adopted by 29% (2021) and 28% (2022).
The brand new instrument “OZ” has little impact
As a part of the IO 2021 modification, the potential of “manifest insolvency” (OZ) has additionally been created. It goals to make sure that pointless enforcement proceedings are terminated and claims opened in insolvency proceedings are settled as a substitute.
If a court docket determines manifest incapacity to pay, a restraining order takes place. The debtor should then change into lively and call the debt counseling service to work out a fee plan proposal collectively. Nonetheless, if this isn’t accepted, the compensation plan kicks in, explains KSV. Nonetheless, the expectations of the brand new “apparent insolvency” haven’t been met thus far: out of 1,900 circumstances of OZ, solely 56 normal executions have taken place (with the request of a creditor), which corresponds at about 3%. As well as, within the first 12 months following the IO change, 89 fee plans (5%) and 18 compensation plans (1%) resulted from manifest insolvency – opposite to expectations, that is nonetheless few subsequent insolvencies.
“Each grievance counts”
Within the first 12 months after the restructuring of the insolvency system, it appeared that fewer collectors registered claims. That is most likely because of debtor-friendly compensation plans and the belief that there’s nearly no return to be anticipated. Nevertheless it was shortsighted. “By fastidiously inspecting the property, the KSV1870 continues to supply good returns. We strongly advocate that each one collectors register each excellent debt,” says Götze.
The previous has proven that debtors want time to have the ability to repay their money owed. As a result of it should be potential for them to make funds, however on the similar time cowl the bills of each day life. Most debtors want a “break-in” interval to regulate. “From our perspective, a debt forgiveness with related residual debt forgiveness ought to require a major dedication from the debtor. In any other case, there’s a danger that accountable administration will change into out of date in our society and that debt will change into the brand new regular. Round a 3rd of all non-public bankruptcies can already be attributed to overestimating one’s personal monetary capabilities and extreme consumption,” says Götze.